Terms to Know


The term disability, when referring to an individual, means (1) a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more life activities, (2) a record of such impairment, or (3) being regarded as having such an impairment (42 USC 12102[2]).

Major Life Activity:

Caring for oneself, performing manual tasks, walking, seeing, hearing, speaking, breathing, learning, and working are major life activities.

Substantially Limited:

Being unable to perform a major life activity, or significantly restricted as to the condition, manner, or duration under which a major life activity can be performed, in comparison to the average person or to most people, constitutes being substantially limited.

Qualified Individual:

qualified individual is a person with a disability, who with or without reasonable accommodations to rules, policies, or practices, the removal of architectural, communication, or transportation barriers, or the provision of auxiliary aids and services, meets the essential eligibility requirements for the receipt of services or the participation in programs or activities provided by a public entity (42 USC 12131[2]). A person is a “qualified individual” if, with or without reasonable accommodations, he or she can perform the essential functions of the job he or she desires.